April 12, 2021

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a phenomenon where the previously wonder drugs called antibiotics becomes ineffective to treat formerly simpler infection during post antibiotic discovery era. As Dr. Lederberg rightly said “It is upto us to use our wits to keep up with their genes”. In fact the first instance of AMR was observed at the similar time when the first antibiotic was deemed to be used for human welfare. AMR is rightly threatening the effective use of antimicrobials against various infection caused by pathogenic microbes.
April 12, 2021

Autonomous maritime vehicles

Also known as Autonomous cargo ships are crewless vessels that transport either container or bulk cargo over navigable waters with little or no human interaction. Different methods and levels of autonomy can be achieved through monitoring and remote control from a nearby manned ship, an onshore control center or through artificial intelligence and machine learning, letting the vessel itself decide the course of action. The Maritime safety Committee at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has proposed a preliminary definition of autonomous ships as Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) which includes the degrees of autonomy a ship can operate independently of human interaction: